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An Architecture for an Integrated Fire Emergency Response System for the Built Environment

Title An Architecture for an Integrated Fire Emergency Response System for the Built Environment
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsUpadhyay, R, Pringle, G, Beckett, G, Potter, S, Han, L, Welch, S, Usmani, A, Torero, J
Conference Name9th Symposium of the International Association for Fire Safety Science (IAFSS)
Conference Start Date21-26 September
PublisherIAFSS
Conference LocationKarlsruhe, GERMANY
Keywordsemergency response system; FireGrid; system architecture; technology integration
Abstract

FireGrid is a modern concept that aims to leverage a number of modern technologies to aid
fire emergency response. In this paper we provide a brief introduction to the FireGrid project. A number
of different technologies such as wireless sensor networks, grid-enabled High Performance Computing
(HPC) implementation of fire models, and artificial intelligence tools need to be integrated to build up a
modern fire emergency response system. We propose a system architecture that provides the framework for integration of the various technologies. We describe the components of the generic FireGrid system architecture in detail. Finally we present a small-scale demonstration experiment which has been completed to highlight the concept and application of the FireGrid system to an actual fire. Although our proposed system architecture provides a versatile framework for integration, a number of new and interesting research problems need to be solved before actual deployment of the system. We outline some of the challenges involved which require significant interdisciplinary collaborations.

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