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Exploiting Parallel R in the Cloud with SPRINT

TitleExploiting Parallel R in the Cloud with SPRINT
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsPiotrowski, M, McGilvary, G, Sloan, T, Mewissen, M, Lloyd, A, Forster, T, Mitchell, L, Ghazal, P, Hill, J
Journal TitleMethods of Information in Medicine

Background: Advances in DNA Microarray devices and next-generation massively parallel DNA sequencing platforms have led to an exponential growth in data availability but the arising opportunities require adequate computing resources. High Performance Computing (HPC) in the Cloud offers an affordable way of meeting this need.

Objectives: Bioconductor, a popular tool for high-throughput genomic data analysis, is distributed as add-on modules for the R statistical programming language but R has no native capabilities for exploiting multi-processor architectures. SPRINT is an R package that enables easy access to HPC for genomics researchers. This paper investigates: setting up and running SPRINT-enabled genomic analyses on Amazon’s Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2), the advantages of submitting applications to EC2 from different parts of the world and, if resource underutilization can improve application performance.

Methods: The SPRINT parallel implementations of correlation, permutation testing, partitioning around medoids and the multi-purpose papply have been benchmarked on data sets of various size on Amazon EC2. Jobs have been submitted from both the UK and Thailand to investigate monetary differences.

Results: It is possible to obtain good, scalable performance but the level of improvement is dependent upon the nature of algorithm. Resource underutilization can further improve the time to result. End-user’s location impacts on costs due to factors such as local taxation.

Conclusions: Although not designed to satisfy HPC requirements, Amazon EC2 and cloud computing in general provides an interesting alternative and provides new possibilities for smaller organisations with limited funds.